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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Journal contents:


Vol. 5 (1) 2007

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M. Domínguez-Rodrigo, F. Diez-Martín, A. Mabulla, L. Luque, L. Alcalá, A. Tarriño, J.A. López-Sáez, R. Barba & P. Bushozi

The archaeology of the Middle Pleistocene deposits of Lake Eyasi, Tanzania

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 5 (1), 2007, pages 47-78, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10085

Abstract
Ongoing archaeological research at North Lake Eyasi has produced a wealth of information, including a new hominid fossil and several archaeological sites dating to the end of the Middle Pleistocene. One of the sites (WB9) has been excavated and has produced evidence of multiple processes in its formation, including evidence of functional associations of stone tools and faunal remains which are scarce for this time period. The stone tool industry is based on a core and flake industry, which is not very diagnostic and attributed to MSA. Earlier heavy-duty tools classified as Sangoan may derive from the underlying Eyasi Beds. The stratigraphic provenience of previous fossil hominids is unknown. Surface collections from the Eyasi lake, thus, comprise two different sets of stone tools and fossils, which can only be clearly differentiated in the field. This advises against the use of previously curated collections as a homogeneous sample. Earlier definitions of the Njarasa industry should be revised. This work presents results on the paleoecology of the area and of its paleontological and archaeological information, with special reference to the excavation of WB9, the most complete site discovered in the area so far. This contributes to the limited information available about site functionality and hominid subsistential behaviour in East Africa during the end of the Middle Pleistocene. A technological study from WB9 also shows the variability of stone tool traditions at this time.

Résumé
Les recherches archéologiques en cours au Nord du Lac Eyasi ont permis de rassembler une grande quantité de données et de découvrir quelques sites de la fin du Pléistocène Moyen et un nouvel hominidé. La fouille de l'un de ces sites (WB9) a permis de mettre au jour l'associa-tion spatiale d'outils lithiques et des restes fauniques, ce qui est très rare pour cette période. L'industrie lithique est composée de nucleus et d'éclats attribués au MSA. La recherche antérieure sur les dépôts du lac Eyasi avait attribué ces industries au Sangoan. Cependant, on a dé-couvert que cette classification était le résultat de l'étude des vestiges provenant de plusieurs unités géologiques. Par conséquent, les définitions antérieures de l'industrie Njarasa doivent être révisées. L'étude d'un des sites fouillés (WB9) montre la diversité technologique de cette époque. Cet article présente les résultats de l'étude paléontologique et archéologique réalisée dans le cadre de notre projet et leurs implications pour la connaissance du comportement des hominidés à la fin du Pléistocène Moyen, dans une période qui témoigne l'apparition des premiers Homo sapiens.




Keywords: East Africa, Homo sapiens, Middle Pleistocene, Middle Stone Age, Sangoan


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Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig, Sam Nixon

Book Reviews Editor:
Jonathan R. Walz, USA

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Graham Connah, Australia
Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

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Gaby Franke, Germany
Annabelle Gallin, France
Richard Byer, Germany

Editorial Assistance:
Anna Rybar, Germany
Carlos Magnavita, Germany


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