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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Journal contents:


Vol. 5 (2) 2007

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L.M. Swan

Early iron manufacturing industries in semi-arid, south-eastern Zimbabwe

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 5 (2), 2007, pages 315-338, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10096

Abstract
Recent research about the history of human settlement and impact on the environment has focused on part of the semi-arid, south-eastern lowveld of Zimbabwe. Two iron-smelting sites were excavated in 2004. Both sites indicated use of local magnetite resources for production beyond immediate subsistence needs. The Kwali Camp smelting site was used by some of the first farmers in the region, associated with the Gokomere tradition on the southeastern Zimbabwean plateau. The Mhangula smelting site was used in a later period and probably supplied iron to elite communities associated with the Zimbabwe State.

Résumé
La recherche récente sur les établissements humains et leur impact sur l'environnement se concentre depuis quelques années sur la région semi-aride du sud-est lowveld du Zimbabwe. Deux sites ont été fouillés et témoignent de la métallurgie du fer. Dans ces deux sites, des ressources locales de magnétite ont été exploitées et les productions semblent dépasser les besoins immédiats des populations locales. Kwali Camp, un site de forge, était utilisé par les premiers agriculteurs de la région, associés avec la tradition de Gokomere du plateau sud-est de Zimbabwe. Le site de forge de Mhangula date d'une époque plus récente. On y produisait probablement du fer pour des communautés d'élites associées à l'état de Zimbabwe.




Keywords: early farming communities, iron ore, iron smelting, resources, semi-arid environment, specialists, Zimbabwe period


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Editors:
Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig, Sam Nixon

Book Reviews Editor:
Jonathan R. Walz, USA

Editorial Advisory Board:
Graham Connah, Australia
Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

Copy Editors:
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Gaby Franke, Germany
Annabelle Gallin, France
Richard Byer, Germany

Editorial Assistance:
Anna Rybar, Germany
Carlos Magnavita, Germany


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