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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 5 (2) 2007

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T.N. Huffman

Leokwe and K2: Ethnic stratification during the Middle Iron Age in southern Africa

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 5 (2), 2007, pages 163-188, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10091

Abstract
Recent research in the Shashe-Limpopo basin advances our understanding of the development of social complexity at K2 and Mapungubwe. Calabrese shows that ethnic interaction between Leokwe and K2 peoples led to ethnic stratification. However, one aspect ― that class distinction was first expressed at Leokwe Hill before Mapungubwe ― is not supported by more recent data. Re-examination of ceramics, glass beads and radiocarbon dates show that Leokwe Hill was not earlier, but contemporaneous with Mapungubwe, while structural remains show that the Leokwe deposit derived from ritual rather than residential activity.

Résumé
De récentes recherches dans le bassin du Shashe-Limpopo font progresser notre compréhension sur l'évolution de la complexité sociale à K2 et Mapungubwe. Calabrese montre que l'interaction ethnique entre les populations de Leokwe et K2 a conduit à une stratification ethnique. Cependant, un aspect n'est pas corroboré par les données plus récentes, à savoir la distinction de classes d'abord exprimée à Leokwe Hill, puis à Mapungubwe. Un nouvel examen de la céramique, des perles de verre et des dates radiocarbones montre que Leokwe Hill n'a pas précédé Mapungubwe, mais a été contemporain. Quant aux vestiges de structures, ils montrent que les dépôts de Leokwe sont liés à une activité rituelle plutôt que résidentielle.




Keywords: Ancient ethnicity, Mapungubwe, rainmaking, Southern African Iron Age


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Editors:
Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig, Sam Nixon

Book Reviews Editor:
Jonathan R. Walz, USA

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Graham Connah, Australia
Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

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Gaby Franke, Germany
Annabelle Gallin, France
Richard Byer, Germany

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Anna Rybar, Germany
Carlos Magnavita, Germany


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