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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 6 (2) 2008

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D. Usai

Tracing the movements of the Western Desert dwellers: site 11-I-13 in Wadi Karagan, Sudanese Nubia, closely akin to El Ghorab or El Nabta

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 6 (2), 2008, pages 219-232, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10112

Abstract
Following a line of research amply discussed in a paper that appeared in this same journal (Vol. 3 [1], 2005: 103-115), the data presented here represent a further attempt to "track" the movements of the Western Desert dwellers into the Nile Valley and to reinforce the hypothesis that the Western Desert and the Nile Valley were, even in the Early Holocene, part of an integrated ecological and cultural system. The continuous search for archaeological data to prove this link led us to a site located nearly 45 years ago by the Colorado Expedition in Nubia in Wadi Karagan that displays a lithic assemblage that literally looks like a "photocopy" of some of the El Kortein/Bir Kiseiba collections. A comparison with these assemblages and a detail analysis of their chronological setting allow the establishment of a relative date for site 11-I-13 and pinpoint some new problems to be solved.

Résumé
Les données présentées ici se placent dans la poursuite de recherches amplement discutées et déjà publiées dans ce même journal (Vol. 3 [1], 2005: 103-115) : elles représentent une nouvelle tentative de suivre les mouvements des nomades du Désert Occidental en direction de la vallée du Nil et confirment que ces deux régions participaient d'un même système écologique et culturel pendant l'Holocène ancien et moyen. Dans notre poursuite continuelle de données archéologiques qui permettent de mettre en évidence la connexion entre les deux régions, nous avons rencontré une collection lithique d'un site, découvert il y a 45 ans par la Colorado Expedition en Nubie, dans la vallée du Wadi Karagan, et qui montre un assemblage presque identique de celui trouvé dans les sites du El Kortein et Bir Kiseiba. La comparaison de ces deux assemblages et l'analyse détaillée de leurs positions chronologiques ont permis d'établir une datation relative pour le site 11-I-13 et de mettre au jour de nouvelles problematiques.




Keywords: chronology, Early Holocene, II Cataract, lithic industry, Second Cataract, Western Desert


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