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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 4 (2) 2006

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A. Gautier & W. Van Neer

Animal remains from Mahal Teglinos (Kassala, Sudan) and the arrival of pastoralism in the southern Atbai

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 4 (2), 2007, pages 223-233, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10073

Abstract
Faunal remains from Mahal Teglinos span the period from about 3000 to 1000 BC. They indicate that the arrival of cattle, sheep and goat in the region predates the occupation of the site, but the evidence available from other and older sites near Khashm-el-Girba does not suffice to document precisely the development of pastoralism and its consequences in the Southern Atbai. Among the limited mammalian game, the many gazelles and dikdiks point to steppe conditions, while the equally numerous buffalo remains suggest that this large bovid thrived in the seasonally inundated land along the Gash River.

Résumé
Les restes de faune de Mahal Teglinos datent approximativement de la période entre 3000 et 1000 BC. Ils démontrent clairement que l'adoption du bœuf, du mouton et de la chèvre dans la région est antérieure à l'occupation du site, mais les données obtenues d'autres sites plus anciens près de Khashm-el-Girba ne permettent pas de cerner précisément le développement du pastoralisme et ses conséquences dans l'Atbai méridional. Les nombreux restes de gazelles et de dikdiks parmi la faune restreinte de mammifères sauvages indiquent des conditions steppiques, tandis que ceux de buffle, également nombreux, suggèrent que ce grand bovidé prospérait dans les terres sujettes aux inondations saisonnières le long de la rivière Gash.




Keywords: archaeozoology, Central Sudan, pastoralism, Southern Atbai


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