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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 12 (1) 2014

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M.E. Prendergast, K.M. Grillo, A.Z.P. Mabulla & H. Wang

Research Note. New Dates for Kansyore and Pastoral Neolithic Ceramics in the Eyasi Basin, Tanzania

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 12 (1), 2014, pages 89-98, DOI 10.3213/2191-5784-10245

Abstract

This paper presents and contextualizes two radiocarbon dates directly obtained from Kansyore and Savanna Pastoral Neolithic (Narosura) ceramic sherds from sites near Lake Eyasi in Tanzania. The dates improve upon those obtained during prior research, which were compromised by problematic samples and stratigraphic disturbance. This underscores the importance of direct dating on diagnostic ceramics in areas with poor site integrity. The Eyasi Basin, often thought to mark a "southern frontier" for stone-using herders, is placed in a broader regional context in terms of material correlates of the spread of food production.

Résumé
Cet article présente dans leur contexte deux datations au radiocarbone directement obtenues de fragments de céramique Kansyore et du Néolithique pastoral de la savane (Narosura), provenant de sites proches du lac Eyasi en Tanzanie. Ces dates améliorent (et corrigent) le cadre temporel établi sur des dates obtenues lors de recherches antérieures, dont la fiabilité a été compromise par des problèmes d'échantillons et des perturbations stratigraphiques. Ces résultats soulignent l'importance de la datation directe sur des échantillons céramiques de style identifiable dans des régions où l'intégrité des sites est faible. Le bassin du lac Eyasi, souvent considéré comme une «frontière sud» pour les éleveurs qui utilisaient la pierre taillée, est ici replacé dans un contexte régional plus large en termes de corrélation matérielle et de propagation de la production alimentaire.




Keywords: ceramics, East Africa, Kansyore, Later Stone Age, Pastoral Neolithic, pastoralism, radiocarbon dating


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Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
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Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
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Robert Vernet, France
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