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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 13 (1) 2015

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H. Berkani, A. Zazzo & F. Paris

Les tumulus à couloir et enclos de la Tassili du Fadnoun, Tassili Azger (Algérie) : Premières datations par la méthode du radiocarbone

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 13 (1), 2015, pages 59-70, DOI 10.3213/2191-5784-10265

Résumé


Parmi les très nombreux monuments funéraires sahariens figure un type particulier et original: les tumulus à couloir et enclos (TCE). Leur chronologie, bien établie au Sahara nigérien est, malgré leur abondance, restée longtemps imprécise pour ceux de la Tassili Azger dans le Sud-est algérien. Cet article présente les premiers résultats de la datation 14C directe par spectrométrie de masse par accélération (SMA) de la fraction minérale (bioapatite) d'ossements humains provenant de TCE fouillés dans trois sites différents de la Tassili du Fadnoun en 2011. Ils indiquent que ces sépultures datent de la fin du 4e ou du début du 3e mill av. n.e. et sont d'un âge comparable à celui des TCE du site d'Emi Lulu au Nord-est du Niger. Malgré une distribution géographique très étendue à l'échelle saharienne, les TCE partagent plusieurs caractères communs notamment en matière d'architecture, des modes d'inhumation et de chronologie.


Abstract

Among the countless funerary monuments present in the Sahara, the corridor and enclosure tumulus (CET) display particularly original architectural features. Their chronology is now well established for the Nigerien Sahara, but remains poorly known for the Tassili Azger in south-eastern Algeria, despite the abundance of monuments identified. This article presents the first results of direct AMS 14C dating of the mineral fraction (bioapatite) of human bones from three CET excavated in different sites of the Tassili Fadnoun in 2011. The results indicate that these burials date from the late 4th or early 3rd mill BCE and are of similar age to the ones of the CET of Emi Lulu in northern Niger. Despite an extensive geographic distribution across the Sahara, it appears that CET share several common characteristics especially in terms of architecture, burial practices and chronology.


Keywords: bioapatite, chronologie, monuments funéraires, néolithique, Sahara centro-méridional, sépultures, Tassili Azger


© Copyright: Africa Magna Verlag 2011
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Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
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