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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 13 (2) 2015

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P. Allsworth-Jones

Ugwuele-Uturu: A Lithic Exploitation Site in South-East Nigeria

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 13 (2), 2015, pages 215-232, DOI 10.3213/2191-5784-10274

Abstract

The site of Ugwuele-Uturu was discovered in 1977 and excavated on two occasions between then and 1981. A number of general accounts were produced by the excavators, but to a large extent the site remains unpublished. No detailed account of the excavations or of the excavated material is widely available. In the meantime, controversy as to what the site represents continues, in the light of F.N. Anozie's claim that it is Acheulean. This paper provides a record of the author's visits to the site in 1978 and 1981, when he was a staff member of the University of Ibadan, and also presents some results from his study of the artefacts kept at the Department of Archaeology at the University of Nigeria Nsukka in 1980. In his view, on the basis of the available evidence, the site represents an axe factory of likely Holocene date. It is hoped that this record, apart from its historical documentary value, will stimulate new work on the site and the material from it, so that its nature can be established beyond doubt.


Résumé

Depuis la découverte du site de Ugwuele-Uturu en 1977 et ce jusqu'en 1981, deux fouilles ont été entreprises. Même si les archéologues responsables ont rédigé de comptes-rendus à ce sujet, le site reste largement méconnu. Aucune étude détaillée des fouilles ou des objets trouvés n'est générablement disponible. Entre temps, l'affirmation par F.N. Anozie que le site est acheuléen continue à susciter des controverses. La présente communication se rapporte aux diverses visites faites par l'auteur en 1978 et en 1981 sur le site en question, quand il était membre du personnel de l'Université de Ibadan. Elle fournit également certains résultats de son étude, en 1980, sur les objets trouvés et conservés au Département d'Archéologie de l'Université de Nigéria Nsukka. D'après lui, le site représente, sur la base des preuves disponibles, un atelier de fabrication de haches, vraisemblablement de l'époque holocène. L'auteur espère que cet article, sa valeur documentaire historique mise à part, stimulera une nouvelle vague de recherches sur le site et son contenu, pour établir sa nature une fois pour toutes.


Keywords: Bifacial artefacts, convergent adaptation, raw materials, workshop sites


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Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig, Sam Nixon

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Jonathan R. Walz, USA

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Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

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Annabelle Gallin, France
Richard Byer, Germany

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