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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Journal contents:


Vol. 13 (2) 2015

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C.G. Sampson, V. Moore, C.B. Bousman, B. Stafford, A. Giordano & M. Willis

A GIS Analysis of the Zeekoe Valley Stone Age Archaeological Record in South Africa

Journal of African Archaeology, Volume 13 (2), 2015, pages 167-185, DOI 10.3213/2191-5784-10277

Abstract

The conversion of the Zeekoe Valley Archaeological Project survey data to a GIS format allows rapid and accurate analysis of this large hunter-gatherer database. During the 16-month survey 13,866 prehistoric Stone Age sites were recorded and plotted on aerial photographs. These site locations and archaeological data can now be analysed in a manner never possible before the conversion. The distribution and abundance of sites spanning over ~700,000 years of occupation demonstrates how human hunting and gathering societies organized themselves spatially on an African landscape. These results show how these different groups positioned themselves in different locations especially in relation to water sources in the semi-desert Karoo. These distributions show flexible patterns of spatial organization through the prehistoric past.


Résumé

La conversion des données d'enquête Projet Archéologique Vallée Zeekoe à un format SIG permet une analyse rapide et précise de cette grande base de données de chasseurs-cueilleurs. Au cours de l'enquête de 16 mois 13 866 sites préhistoriques de l'âge de pierre ont été enregistrés et reportés sur des photographies aériennes. Ces localisations de sites et ces données archéologiques peuvent maintenant être analysées d'une manière qui n'était pas possible avant la conversion. La distribution et l'abondance de sites disséminés sur plus de ~ 700 000 années d'occupation démontrent comment les sociétés de  chasseurs-cueilleurs s'organisent spatialement sur un paysage africain. Ces résultats montrent comment ces différents groupes se sont installés à différents emplacements, en particulier par rapport à des sources d'eau, dans la région semi-désertique du Karoo. Ces distributions montrent l'existence de modèles d'organisation spatiale flexibles à travers le passé préhistorique.



Keywords: Acheulian, GIS, herders, Karoo, LSA, MSA, Seekoei River, settlement patterns, spatial organization, Stone Age


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Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig, Sam Nixon

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Jonathan R. Walz, USA

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Graham Connah, Australia
Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

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Richard Byer, Germany

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