Login

Username:
Password:
Forgot password?

Search in our Journal

for:
in:

Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

Journal contents:


Vol. 3 (1) 2005

back

D.J. Watson

Under the rocks: reconsidering the origin of the Kintampo Tradition and the development of food production in the Savanna-Forest/Forest of West Africa

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 3 (1), 2005, pages 3-55, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10035


Abstract
Evidence for the earliest food production, symbolic representation and open air 'village communities' in sub-Sahelian West Africa is associated with the Kintampo Tradition ca 3600 bp-3200 bp. This signals a profound transition in socio-economic organisation and technology as available evidence indicates that indigenes of the savanna-forest/forested zone comprised mobile and widely dispersed bands of hunter-gatherers. The Kintampo was originally viewed as a product of migration from the Sahel, but more recently, a syncretic development engendered by the adoption of northern traits by indigenous Punpun Tradition hunter-gatherers has been postulated. Both models are re-considered in view of a series of excavations of rock shelters in central Ghana, including a further re-excavation of K6, which yielded material culture of both traditions. Results are supplemented by a review of previous research, analysis of archival material, consideration of the wider archaeological context of West Africa and enthoarchaeological studies. The model proposed here challenges previous hypotheses for the emergence of the Kintampo out of existing local hunter-gatherer populations.

Résumé
Les vestiges des débuts de la production alimentaire, de la représentation symbolique et de l'établissement de «villages» de plein air en l'Afrique occidentale sub-sahélienne sont associés à la tradition Kintampo (vers 3600-3200 bp). Ces vestiges marquent une période de profonds changements dans l'organisation socio-économique et dans la technologie, car les données disponibles indiquent que les populations indigènes de la zone de forêt et de savane-forêt comportaient des groupes mobiles et très dispersés de chasseurs-cueilleurs. On pensait à l'origine que le peuple Kintampo était le produit d'une migration provenant du Sahel, mais certains ont postulé plus récemment qu'il s'agissait d'un développement syncrétique résultant de l'adoption de caractéristiques septentrionales par les chasseurs-cueilleurs indigènes de la tradition Punpun. Ces deux modèles sont actuellement remis en question à la suite d'une série de fouilles menées dans des abris sous roche du Ghana central, ainsi que de nouvelles fouilles réalisées à l'abri K6, qui ont permis de mettre au jour des objets des deux traditions. Les résultats de ces travaux sont ici étoffés par une revue de travaux antérieurs, une analyse de matériaux d'archive, l'examen du contexte archéologique plus général de l'Afrique occidentale et d'études d'ethnoarchéologie. Le modèle que je propose dans cet article remet en question les hypothèses précédentes selon lesquelles les Kintampo descendraient de populations locales existantes de chasseurs-cueilleurs.




Keywords: food producers, hunter-gatherers, Kintampo, Later Stone Age, LSA, migration, socio-economic change, West Africa


© Copyright: Africa Magna Verlag 2011
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='0xdzAgC3YyHEs96fS6v64pn2Ec10Ed1Y0GjS4xcmh1wgC9O7oM0a1N436chb7CSv2RfKEcDal459GDRT' and id_category='journals' order by timestamp
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='0xdzAgC3YyHEs96fS6v64pn2Ec10Ed1Y0GjS4xcmh1wgC9O7oM0a1N436chb7CSv2RfKEcDal459GDRT' and id_category='pdfs' order by timestamp
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='0xdzAgC3YyHEs96fS6v64pn2Ec10Ed1Y0GjS4xcmh1wgC9O7oM0a1N436chb7CSv2RfKEcDal459GDRT' and id_category='monographs' order by timestamp
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='0xdzAgC3YyHEs96fS6v64pn2Ec10Ed1Y0GjS4xcmh1wgC9O7oM0a1N436chb7CSv2RfKEcDal459GDRT' and id_category='subscriptions' order by timestamp
debug:::select id_product, count, internal_id from caw2_cart where userID='0xdzAgC3YyHEs96fS6v64pn2Ec10Ed1Y0GjS4xcmh1wgC9O7oM0a1N436chb7CSv2RfKEcDal459GDRT' and id_category='monographs_pdf' order by timestamp
Remember - If you order an online subscription, you will have full-text access to every Journal article since 2003 - Just log in.
Terms of Sale | Privacy Notice

Editorial Board

Editors:
Sonja Magnavita, Peter Breunig, Sam Nixon

Book Reviews Editor:
Jonathan R. Walz, USA

Editorial Advisory Board:
Graham Connah, Australia
Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
Tom Huffman, South Africa
Eric Huysecom, Switzerland
David Killick, USA
Savino di Lernia, Italy
Alexandre Livingstone Smith, Belgium
Scott MacEachern, USA
David Mattingly, UK
Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
Peter Robertshaw, USA
Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

Copy Editors:
Nikolas Gestrich, UK
Gaby Franke, Germany
Annabelle Gallin, France
Richard Byer, Germany

Editorial Assistance:
Anna Rybar, Germany
Carlos Magnavita, Germany


info@african-archaeology.de

© Copyright 2002 - - Africa Magna Verlag, Frankfurt
Webmaster: Nubis Limited, CMS: content@web 2.0