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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Vol. 3 (1) 2005

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D. Usai

Early Holocene seasonal movements between the desert and the Nile Valley. Details from the lithic industry of some Khartoum Variant and some Nabta/Kiseiba sites

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 3 (1), 2005, pages 103-115, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10039

Abstract
Detecting seasonal movements between the Nile Valley and the adjacent desert in the Early Holocene period is a difficult task. The material production, especially the lithic industries, may have been oriented to different economic activities forwarded in these two different environments. Identifying lithic products as the output of the same cultural group moving from one area to the other may be, for this reason, quite complex. The Nabta region and the IInd Cataract offer an interesting hint on this argument. This contribution will try to highlight similarities between groups living in the Nile Valley and the Western Desert considering artefacts and faunal remains left by the inhabitants of Nabta/Kiseiba area and the Khartoum Variant sites of the Nile Valley IInd Cataract. This analysis will also make possible to advance a new chronological attribution for the Khartoum Variant cultural phase.

Résumé
Comprendre les mouvements saisonniers entre la Vallée du Nil et les déserts adjacents pendant l'Holocène Ancien est une tâche très difficile. La production matérielle, en particulier les industries lithiques, a pu être orientée vers des activités économiques différentes et transportée dans ces deux différents milieux. Identifier des industries lithiques comme des productions d'un même groupe qui se déplace entre les deux régions peut être, pour cette raison, très complexe. La région de Nabta et celle de la Deuxième Cataracte offrent un intéressant cas de réflexion. Cette étude a pour but de mettre en évidence les ressemblances entre les groupes qui occupent la Vallée du Nil et le désert occidental égyptien, à partir des artefacts et de la faune laissée dans les habitats de la région de Nabta/Kiseiba et ceux du Khartoum Variant dans la Deuxième Cataracte. Cette analyse permettra également de proposer une nouvelle datation pour la phase du Khartoum Variant.




Keywords: Early Holocene, Early Neolithic, Egypt, Khartoum Variant, lithic industry, seasonality, Sudan


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