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Welcome to African Archaeology!

The Journal of African Archaeology is an international peer-reviewed periodical appearing half-yearly since 2003. It publishes original papers addressing recent research and developments in African archaeology and related disciplines. The journal's main purpose is to provide scholars and students with a new pan-African forum for discussing relevant topics on the cultural dynamics of past African societies.

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Journal contents:


Vol. 1 (2) 2003

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A. Usman

The ethnohistory and archaeology of warfare in northern Yoruba

Journal of African Archaeology, Vol. 1 (2), 2003, pages 201-214, DOI 10.3213/1612-1651-10009

Abstract
The location of Igbomina in the middle belt of Nigeria and as a frontier Yoruba region opened it to the influence from powerful, competing states of Oyo, Nupe, Fulani, and Ibadan. The expansion of the Oyo Empire in the 16th century, which was accompanied by the large migration of Yoruba northward, led to frequent military aggression on the northern boundary with the Nupe. This paper examines military aggressions in the Igbomina area of north central Yorubaland. Military threat or warfare had initiated various responses in Igbomina, as evident in community aggregation, building of fortifications, production of weapons, and settlement abandonment. The high level of military aggression in Igbomina had also acted as an instrument of socio-political changes in the area as seen in increased centralized control and hierarchy. Oral-historical sources, archaeo- logical survey and excavation form the core of this examination of military aggression in Igbomina.

Résumé
La situation géographique de Igbomina, dans la région centrale du Nigéria et à la frontière du pays Yoruba, l'a ouverte à l'influence des puissants états concurrents de Oyo, Nupe, Fulani et Ibadan. Le développement de l'empire Oyo au XVIème siècle fut accompagné d'une grande migration Yoruba vers le nord, ce qui conduisit à de fréquentes agressions militaires sur la frontière septentrionale avec le Nupe. Cet article examine les agressions militaires dans la région Igbomina au centre nord des terres Yoruba. Les menaces militaires et les guerres ont engendré différentes réactions en Igbomina, telles que des créations de fortifications, la production d'armes et l'abandon de villages. La forte fréquence d'agressions militaires en Igbomina a aussi agit comme instrument des changements socio-politiques dans la région manifeste dans un pouvoir centralisé et une hiérarchie accrus. Les sources orales, les études et fouilles archéologiques forment le noyau de cet examen des agressions militaires en Igbomina.




Keywords: ethnohistory, historical archaeology, Igbomina, Nigeria, warfare, Yoruba


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Shadreck Chirikure, South Africa
A. Catherine D'Andrea, Canada
Manfred K.H. Eggert, Germany
Elena Garcea, Italy
Diane Gifford-Gonzalez, USA
Timothy Insoll, UK
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Savino di Lernia, Italy
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Scott MacEachern, USA
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Susan Keech McIntosh, USA
David W. Phillipson, UK
Gilbert Pwiti, Zimbabwe
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Robert Vernet, France
Lyn Wadley, South Africa

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